For months, the two Sudans have been facing off along their contested border. In September, they agreed to establish a buffer zone, 10 km north and south of the agreed upon center line, to separate their armed forces and reduce tension in the region. In the past week, both the governments of Sudan and South Sudan finally reported that their troops have withdrawn on their respective sides of the center line and will withdraw from the Safe Demilitarized Border Zone, or SDBZ. Read More »
Despite failing to see eye-to-eye on a range of issues up for discussion in the Kampala peace talks, the Congolese government and the M23 rebels moved ahead over the weekend with a review of the March 23, 2009 agreement that is officially at the crux of the movement’s rebellion. The Saturday session, which lasted well into the night, left both sides satisfied, according to Thomas Muiti, North Kivu civil society president. Read More »
After a month-long standoff, the Central African Republic government and a rebel alliance agreed upon a peace deal to end an uprising that threatened to spark a humanitarian crisis and un-seat President François Bozizé. “Failure to go further to discuss the reasons for the lack of implementation of previous agreements and to correct these may lead to another meltdown, a few years down the line again, as a result of lost expectations and frustrations,” warned U.N. special envoy to Central African Republic Margaret Vogt after the signing. Read More »
Today, the Enough Project released a report calling for the resolution of the dispute over Abyei, a resource-rich region straddling South Sudan and Sudan. After the Enough Project traveled to the region and conducted interviews with member of Abyei’s two communities in December 2012, the urgency of resolving the disputed territory’s status and subsequently preventing violence during this year’s dry season became even more apparent. Read More »
Weeks after delegates first arrived in the Ugandan capital of Kampala for talks aimed at ending the M23 rebellion in eastern Congo, preconditions for the negotiations are just being finalized. But as details about M23-linked gold smuggling from the conflict area underscores, the group maintains an extensive and lucrative network throughout the region, which undermines any hopes that the Kampala process alone will bring about lasting stability. Read More »
Abyei, SUDAN – The upcoming African Union annual summit on January 21 offers a key opportunity to resolve the final status of Abyei—a disputed, resource-rich region straddling the ill-defined border between Sudan and South Sudan. The final status of Abyei remains one of the most controversial, outstanding issues between Sudan and South Sudan and must be resolved to avoid reigniting war between the two countries, according to a new Enough Project report and video.
The report and video are based on field research conducted by the Enough Project during a trip to the region in December 2012.
The report argues that the African Union should fully and unequivocally support the African Union High Level Implementation Panel, or AUHIP, proposal, which provides mechanisms for resolving Abyei’s final status, and defines and protects the rights of people living within and moving through the area. The report emphasizes that the lack of cooperation between the two governments, particularly Sudan’s outright rejection of the AUHIP proposal, remains a serious obstacle to reaching a resolution on Abyei’s status.
Renata Rendón, co-author of the report and Enough Project policy and advocacy director, said:
“The question of Abyei’s status has remained unresolved for decades, and the people of Abeyi continue to suffer the effects of cyclical conflicts perpetuated by continued ambiguity. The international community must make a clear commitment to pressure the Sudans to come to an enforceable agreement on determining Abyei’s final status and mitigate further destabilizing violence. Only a decision on the final status of Abyei will create the political stability necessary for sustainable peace in the area.”
Amanda Hsiao, co-author and Juba field researcher for the Enough Project, said:
“The AUHIP would protect the migratory, civic, political, and economic rights of the two communities with the greatest stake in Abyei—the Ngok Dinka, who historically have lived in Abyei and align themselves with South Sudan; and the Misseriya, nomadic people who traverse Abyei seasonally with their cattle and identify with Sudan. A credible international referendum and administrative structures for the area as outlined by the AUHIP proposal will ensure the continued rights of both communities, allowing them to benefit equitably and securely from Abyei’s natural resources. The African Union should prioritize civic education outreach among the local populations to inform them of the AUHIP proposal and the rights and protections it affords them.”
The Enough Project is a project of the Center for American Progress to end genocide and crimes against humanity. Founded in 2007, Enough focuses on the crises in Sudan, South Sudan, eastern Congo, and areas affected by the Lord’s Resistance Army. Enough conducts intensive field research, develops practical policies to address these crises, and shares sensible tools to empower citizens and groups working for change. To learn more about Enough, go to www.enoughproject.org.
The cold war between Sudan and South Sudan could reignite into a devastating armed conflict if they do not quickly resolve their dispute over the final status of Abyei, a resource-rich area straddling the two countries’ ill-defined border. A new field report and video discusses the urgency of resolving the dispute in order to maintain peace and security in the region.
President Obama signed legislation into law yesterday that will expand the scope of the Rewards for Justice Program. On hand at the Oval Office signing ceremony were representatives from human rights organizations who have been important supporters in this effort and work on these issues every day, including Enough Project Executive Director John C. Bradshaw and our partners from Invisible Children, Resolve, and Humanity United.